Post-study work visas should be paid most attention to when applying to universities in the USA. F1 Visa, M1 Visa, and J1 visas are generally issued to students and they come with permission to stay in the US for a specified time period after completing their studies and before getting a work Visa of H1B.
An F1 student visa holder gets up to one year stay back post completing their course. The training needs to be in the specified field of education. F1 visa holders have the option to apply for Optional Practical Training (OPT) on their education completion.
Optional Practical Training (OPT) is the work and stay-back permit that the USA issues when a student completes a degree program. It is valid for 1 year.
Students can select from the two forms of OPT:
- Pre-Completion OPT
- Post-Completion OPT
The training job must be related to the course in which education is completed. Employment must be found within 90 days of completion.
STEM- Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics courses, have an additional 1 year, which makes it two years stay-back post education completion for their work permit.
After that the company or employer must offer an employee sponsorship to avail the H1B visa.